Customer risk assessments are a vital part of AML and KYC processes. Flagright, an all-in-one AML compliance system, has outlined the best practices of an assessment process.
Customer risk assessment is where the company assesses which type of risk a potential customer poses, whether they are existing or new clients.
As part of the assessment, it examines the customer’s background and finances, such as their credit history, employment history, criminal record and more. This is then used to estimate how risky a customer seems.
Anti-money laundering and know-your-customer regulations mean neobanks and FinTechs are required to conduct these risk assessments. By implementing an effective assessment process, firms can avoid risks, as well as fines for failures. Equally as important, it can protect their reputation.
Finally, a sufficient customer risk assessment can help them make informed decisions on the types of products and services they offer and to whom they are offered to, it said.
Customer risk assessments were first established in the late 20th century with the first AML regulations, Flagright said. These obligations meant financial institutions had to complete due diligence of customers.
Soon after these financial institutions had to consider the risks associated with customers from various countries, cultures and industries, making customer risk assessments even more critical, it said. Fraud has also increased the importance of the assessments, especially as fraudsters get more sophisticated.
There have been many changes to customer risk assessments over the years. For example, the USA PATRIOT Act expanded the reach of AML regulations and increased the focus on the assessment. The EU’s 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive and the 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive both introduced new requirements for financial institutions to assess and mitigate the risk of money laundering and terrorist financing.
Flagright said, “In light of these developments, customer risk assessment has become a critical tool in the fight against financial crime, and it continues to evolve and adapt to meet the changing demands of the financial industry.”
The importance of customer risk assessments
Flagright outlined five of the most substantial benefits firms can experience from implementing strong risk assessment processes.
The first is the ability to protect against financial losses. It stated that through thorough evaluation of potential risks posed by new and existing customers, firms can minimise their exposure to financial losses.
The second benefit is that it supports AML and KYC regulations, which means avoiding fines for non-compliance.
Another boon of the assessments is that it can protect a financial institutions’ reputation by reducing the risk of fraud and money laundering. This means they can maintain customer trust and confidence, it added.
A fourth benefit is the improvement of operational efficiencies. It stated that a customer risk assessment solution can allow a company to streamline their compliance process and boost their operational efficiencies. With the ability to quickly identify and mitigate potential risks, teams can reduce the time and resources they need to handle incidents.
Finally, these assessments can provide customers with peace of mind and maintain their confidence in the firm.
Having outlined the benefits of the system, Flagright went on to outline hallmarks of a good process.
The first part of this is having thorough due diligence to ensure an accurate assessment of a customer’s risk profile. This would need to include a review of the customer’s background, financial information and any relevant documentation.
Secondly, firms need to ensure they conduct regular monitoring of customer transactions, including real-time monitoring of transactions and periodic reviews of customer profiles.
Up next, Flagright outlined the importance of utilising automated customer risk assessment solutions. These can bolster the efficiency and accuracy of the process and offer real-time monitoring and alerts for potential risks.
Another good practice is to incorporate a risk-based approach to prioritise and manage customer risk. This would involve assigning a risk rating to each customer and tailoring the level of due diligence and monitoring to the specific risks posed by that customer, it said.
The penultimate hallmark offered by Flagright was keeping up with regulatory changes. Staying informed of any changes to AML and KYC regulations and updating procedures accordingly will allow the firm to reduce the risk of failing compliance and penalties.
Finally, Flagright urged firms to implement a robust compliance program that includes effective customer risk assessment is crucial for protecting against financial losses and maintaining compliance with AML and KYC regulations.
It concluded, “Customer risk assessment is a critical component of compliance and fraud protection for FinTechs and neobanks. With the growing complexity of the financial industry, conducting an accurate and comprehensive customer risk assessment has become increasingly important.
“By understanding the importance of customer risk assessment, implementing best practices, and utilizing cutting-edge solutions like those offered by Flagright, financial institutions can mitigate their exposure to financial losses, improve their reputation, increase operational efficiencies, and enhance customer safety.”
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